Public sector major (IOC) is in discussions to establish production facilities and refueling stations with state transportation utilities in Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, and Kerala, in accordance with the government’s road map. Additionally, the corporation has established a goal to quickly switch at least 10% of its hydrogen usage at refineries to green hydrogen.

The Gujarat unit would be close to the Baroda refinery, while the UP unit will be adjacent to the Mathura refinery. According to S S V Ramakumar, director of research and development at the largest state-run refiner in the nation, IOC, speaking to the media in Chennai on Wednesday, the initial objective is to operate 10 to 20 buses throughout both states. He continued by saying that Kerala’s stand-alone green hydrogen manufacturing unit would be created using the solar power plant at Cochin International Airport.

With a total capacity of 40 megawatts peak, Kochi Airport is the first all solar-powered airport in the world. It can generate over 160,000 units of power per day to offset its daily demand of almost 130,000 units. He explained, “The plan is to operate hydrogen buses from the Cochin airport to Thiruvananthapuram.”

He continued, “We’ve also set a target to convert 10% of our hydrogen usage at refineries to green sources in the near future.” By 2024, 10% of the utilization in the Mathura refinery will be sourced from green sources as a first step in this direction. At its annual general meeting in August, the business had stated that it planned to construct the first “Green Hydrogen” facility in the country at the Mathura Refinery. The unit’s daily capacity is most likely to be in the neighborhood of 160,000 barrels.

This occurs as part of the nation’s effort to lessen its reliance on fossil fuels, which includes a proposal to mandate the use of green hydrogen in steel mills, oil refineries, and fertilizer facilities. According to reports, the government intends to mandate the use of green hydrogen in these chosen regions to fulfill 0.15 percent of their total hydrogen needs by 2024. Green hydrogen is produced by electrolysis with renewable energy. This process divides the hydrogen from the oxygen in water using an electrical current.

The National Hydrogen Mission was established by India on August 15, 2021, the nation’s 75th Independence Day. The mission is anticipated to assist the nation in achieving its climate change goals as well as in transforming India into a centre for green hydrogen. At the moment, fossil fuels are used to produce all of the hydrogen in the nation. By 2030, Ramakumar predicted, “We expect the hydrogen output to expand from the current 6 million metric tonne (MMT) to approximately 12 MMT.”

Several large corporations, like the Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries, the Adani Group, and the power sector’s NTPC, have already made plans to release hydrogen projects. Ambani claimed that by producing hydrogen for less than $1 per kilogram for the first time, India would certainly take the lead in the field.

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